Biologic Therapy helps the immune system to function better by using substances that occur naturally in your body. The goal of biologic therapy is to enhance the body’s natural defense and its ability to fight cancer.
Chemotherapy is used to describe medications that treat cancer. Cancerous tumors are made up of cells that are reproducing at abnormally high rates. Normal cells know to stop reproducing (or dividing) when they come into contact with other cells. In the case of a tumor, this stop mechanism is missing, causing cells to continue to divide over and over. The RNA or DNA of a cell tells it how to replicate itself, and chemotherapy works by destroying this RNA or DNA.
Clinical Trials are select cancer treatments not yet approved for widespread use. Select cancer care facilities meeting strict criteria are granted special privileges to test promising new therapies. McLaren Cancer Institute in Flint is an approved site for clinical trials through the National Cancer Institute and other distinguished organizations.
Hormone Replacement Therapy: Some cancers are "fueled" by hormones, and may rely upon them to grow. Hormone therapy is used to block the action of these hormones which could possibly stop the cancer from growing.
Targeted Therapy is a general term that refers to a medication or drug that targets a specific pathway in the growth and development of a tumor. The targets themselves are typically various molecules (or small particles) in the body that are known or suspected to play a role in cancer formation.
Genetic Counseling is the process of helping people understand and adapt to the medical, psychological and familial implications of genetic contributions to disease.
IV Therapy: Medical Oncology/Hematology staff also administers medicine or supplements intravenously to treat health conditions besides cancer.